In Thailand generally speaking to have ownership of land according to the Land Code this can only occur with a title deed. Even though, there are many papers which certify land rights such as a Title Deed in Land (SK.1), a Certificate of Utilization (NS.3), Local Tax Documents (PBT. 5) these documents are only there to vouch for the land’s occupancy and utilization.

What is a Certificate of Utilization?

Thai Thai Certificate of UtilizationThe Certificate of Utilization is a letter which has been affirmed by an officer that the land has been used. There are 3 types of Certificate of Utilization which are listed as follows:

NS3 Gor is used to publish a certificate of utilization for land where there’s an aerial photo.

NS3 is used to publish a certificate of utilization for land without an aerial photograph.

NS3 Kor is used to publish a certificate of utilization in other land which is not specified above.

Note that land purchasing of type NS. 3 must be made in writing and registered by the Competent Official. Speak to a property lawyer in Thailand for more information in this regard. If in the event that there has been land purchased for which a certificate of utilization has not made in writing and registered by the competent official the transaction may be viewed as invalid. Land ownership and a right in occupancy and utilization are two different issues in Thailand.

 

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